Выпуск №2, Т. 12
Maximova J., Pykäläinen J., Karjalainen T. Ожидания СМИ и экспертов относительно краткосрочного и догосрочного эффекта от вступления России во Всемирную Торговую Организацию на ее лесной сектор // Resources and Technology. 2015. №2, Т. 12. С. 120–141.


DOI: 10.15393/j2.art.2015.3121

Ожидания СМИ и экспертов относительно краткосрочного и догосрочного эффекта от вступления России во Всемирную Торговую Организацию на ее лесной сектор

Maximova J. Indufor Oy, julia.maximova@indufor.fi
Pykäläinen J. University of Eastern Finland, Faculty of Science and Forestry, jouni.pykalainen@uef.fi
Karjalainen T. University of Eastern Finland, Faculty of Science and Forestry, timo.karjalainen@uef.fi
Ключевые слова:
World Trade Organization; Russia; export tariffs; wood products; experts and media expectations; WTO membership
Аннотация: Russian entry to the World Trade Organization in August of 2012 was preceded with a record long history of attempts of joining the Organization and negotiations over terms of accession. However, the accession package was ratified by the Russian State Duma in July of 2012 setting obligations for a number of concessions to the WTO, including significant custom duty reductions for wood products. This has given a handle for a number of speculations and debates whether the membership in the organization regulating the world trade would bring more benefits or drawbacks to the Russian forest industry and trade in wood products. Analyzing diverse opinions of mass media and surveying forest experts has demonstrated that the WTO incorporates a promising long-term potential for boosting the Russian trade in wood products and expanding markets for Russian forest companies. Moreover, the expert community and the media forecast an increased use of forest certification and adjustment of Russian forestry standards to internationally accepted ones. However, both focus groups express concerns over additional competition within the WTO threatening the existence of uncompetitive Russian companies and a raise in prices for domestic timber. All in all, the obtained results can support Russian forest authorities in their attempts to neutralize negative short- and long-term impacts of the WTO entry on the Russian forest industry and wood trade, as well as effectively use the possibilities the membership is opening up for the Russian forest sector.
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