Issue №2, Vol. 17
Druchinin D., Gnusov M., Malyukov S., Chetvericova I. Features of forest fire prevention measures in the Russian Federation // Resources and Technology. 2020. №2, Vol. 17. P. 80‒96.



DOI: 10.15393/j2.art.2020.5302

Features of forest fire prevention measures in the Russian Federation

Druchinin
   Denis
Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G. F. Morozov, druchinin.denis@rambler.ru
Gnusov
   Maksim
Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G. F. Morozov, mgnusov@yandex.ru
Malyukov
   Sergey
Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G. F. Morozov, malyukovsergey@yandex.ru
Chetvericova
   Irina
Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies named after G. F. Morozov, chivles@rambler.ru
Key words:
forestry; fire-fighting arrangement of forests; fire line; fire break; fire barrage; net of rides
Summary: The need to conduct constant theoretical and practical research to preserve the forest fund from uncontrolled destruction is one of the main challenges facing the world's forestry. Every year in Russia, tens of thousands of forest fires are recorded, high-quality industrial wood is destroyed in fires, and nature, population and infrastructure suffer from the consequences of forest fires. The article draws attention to the problem of preventing the spread of forest fires in the framework of fire-fighting arrangement of woodlands on the basis of existing legal documents of the Russian Federation. Objects that are created when performing fire-fighting measures in forests are marked. It is noted that an important point in this case is arrangement of fire breaks in the form of fire lines, creation of which pursues a number of goals to reduce fire danger in forest plantations. The created mineralized strip may be part of larger forest fire objects – fire barriers and fireproof breaks. The law and technological principles of their creation are defined. Periodic clearing of created objects during the entire fire hazard period from dirtiness and forest combustible materials is noted as a required element of their maintenance in proper condition. The necessity of dividing forest stands into separate blocks in the form of a net of rides is considered. The technology of works on elimination of wild fires with the use of created fire-fighting objects is shown. It is noted that permanent work is being done at all levels to improve and supplement normative acts, in particular, articles of the Forest Code of the Russian Federation aimed at protecting forests are being finalized. The proposed solutions in the field of improving the regulatory framework for the implementation of fire-fighting arrangement of forests are presented. Another important point is the provision of specialized forestry organizations with effective equipment for preventing and suppression forest fires – for example, fire-fighting soil-throwers. In this direction, a number of research teams are conducting research, working through the issues of mathematical and simulation modeling, conducting a variety of theoretical and practical tests of developed methods, techniques and laboratory samples of forest firefighting soil-throwers.

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